Dub plate cutting service - From New York to Los Angeles, CA - Located 2 miles from Greenpoint Brooklyn NY
Record Lathe Cutting Service Offering
What Are Lathe Cut Records ?
7" inch discs that are made from clear polycarbonate plastic or lacquer/acetate and recorded one at a time. They're made by cutting into lacquer or embossing grooves into plastic, using a record cutting lathe. These lathes were normally used in the vinyl record manufacturing process, to cut the lacquer/acetate master discs used to make the metal stampers used by the pressing plants. On the other hand, clear polycarbonate records start out as a square, then it is trimmed into a round disc after it's recorded.
A Record cutting lathe is a machine which utilizes a sapphire stylus.
To engrave or emboss sound grooves onto a disk, a lathe is used to cut records.
An alternative to pressing vinyl records.
The record cutting lathe uses a moving voice coil is used to drive a stylus which engraves the sound waves into the revolving disk. This method has long been used for producing lacquer masters, which are then used to make metal stampers for pressing vinyl records. Most of the machines used for this purpose were manufactured pre-1960.
Lathe Cut Vinyl and Lathe Cut Records: A misconception?
They are really two different things. Pressed vinyl discs can't be embossed, it may be possible to be cut it with a diamond stylus, but a very costly process, especially the amount of time a diamond stylus last, only 10 hours, at $200 a pop. Whereas polycarbonate records can be cut or embossed. Embossing styli can last up to 200 hours, this is a more economical way of making one off records by recording them with a sapphire embossing stylus.
12" inch Records
I can make a 12" inch, disc no problem, but I'm very reluctant to do so. This is because surface noise is more prominent at the OUTSIDE DIAMETER of the record, no matter who embosses them.
X-Ray Film bone music
Since the 1980's many people have begun experimenting with these lathes to produce one-offs records, using clear polycarbonate plastic, using materials such as picnic plates, squares sheets, and X-Ray film, X-ray film when embossed is extremely noisy.
Embossing Plastic Vs. Lacquer Cutting
Polycarbonate plastic is not to be confused with Plexi Glass. Plexi can not be cut or embossed with a sapphire or diamond stylus. On the other hand a lacquer disc can only be cut with a sapphire stylus, it is not possible to embossed lacquer.
Stereo phonograph records
Lacquers are stereo, a lacquer recorded with a stereo cutter head will result in a stereo playback, embossing a polycarbonate disc with a stereo cutter head will result in a MONO play back and it will skip randomly when playing it back.
Manny have asked if I can cut LOCKED GROOVES, yes. I'm not willing to do so, because It involves many different tracks on one side of a disc. This means setting up levels for each track, it would be so time consuming and a chance for error in losing the entire side, as I don't normally charge a set-up fee.
Sibilant Vocal Tracks
De-essing (also de-sibilizing) is any technique intended to reduce or eliminate excessive highs in the recording or the prominence of sibilant consonants, such as the sounds normally found in the vocal track by "s" and "sh", in recordings of the human voice.
Sibilant lies in frequencies anywhere between 2–10 kHz, depending on the individual's dental work. This causes havoc in record cutting.
Playing embossed records:
I WILL NOT FIX THIS THIS, THIS IS THE STUDIO'S RESPONSIBILITY.
All AUDIO IS TRANSFERRED AS "FLAT CUT".
I'll throw in the Behringer 9024 Ultra-Dyne to clean up some sibilance
Lathe Cut Records
SHORT RUN ONE OFF RECORDS
If you're considering putting your music on vinyl, then lathe cut records may be the answer you been looking for. You're probably aware that it is a costly endeavor. Most artists decide not to release vinyl because of minimum order and cost. If you're going to make your own vinyl, here are the five reasons lathe cut records are better than pressed vinyl records.
5 REASONS LATHE CUTS ARE BETTER THAN PRESSED VINYL RECORDS
1. Custom Vinyl Records No Minimum:
Pressing a vinyl record was the only way for high volume releases. The cost associated with record pressing makes it impossible for a record plant to offer vinyl record pressing with no minimums.
Lathe cut records have no minimum order because it's less expense. There is no outsourcing because everything is done in house. Whether you order (1) or (20) copies you can put your music on plastic in lower quantities.
2. Lower manufacturing costs:
Lathe cuts have risen in popularity in resent years as the best solution for a limited vinyl release. The manufacturing process for lathe cuts vs pressed vinyl is faster and less expensive than vinyl Record Pressing Manufacturing.
Record pressing is the method that music is put on vinyl. This is done in three steps; disc mastering, metal plating, and vinyl pressing. These steps are seldom done under one roof which adds to the high cost for small vinyl pressing quantities.
3. Dub Plate Cutting - An old term used years ago:
Lathe cutting uses the same process for disc mastering . A flat plastic disc is placed on the Record Lathe. The cutter head embosses a analog sound into the blank polycarbonate disc. This is done one at a time to reach the number of records. A lacquer cut for vinyl pressing is achievable with having to electroplate and press the groove.
Short run records can be recorded all under one roof. This makes the most cost effective process for making affordable vinyl records.
3. Sound Quality:
The sound quality of embossed records can sound good as pressed vinyl. However, not every lathe cut is made the same some may have surface noise or can skip.
My experience goes way back since 1972, this is the key to manufacturing high quality vinyl recordings. There are some exceptional cuts being done on vintage mono machines. Be wary of vinyl record makers that issue the disclaimer that lathe cuts are lo-fi novelties not intended for commercial release.
4. Fast Turn Around Time:
A Lathe cut record is an instant recording. Lathe cutting is the fastest way to make a retail ready record. A one off record can be made in minutes, where a vinyl pressing job can take months. Days of preparation are needed because the plating and pressing processes.
The length of the audio program will determine the amount of time it takes to record each copy, If a song is 4 minutes long, it will take 4 minutes plus set up time to complete, the longer the song the lower in volume the record will play.
Vinyl album sales are consistently growing each year. The pressing plants are backed up with projects. Even with the higher price tag. A minimum order from a pressing plant is usually is more than the average producer can sell and may have unsold vinyls left over. This makes it very difficult for independent artists to do a vinyl release.
Lathe cutting embossed polycarbonate records make it possible for any recording artist to make a high quality custom records. First all of the media files are analyzed and small quantities are shipped the next day.
Lathe Cut Records
Lacquer cutting service for the production of phonograph records.
Random diameter sizes of Flexies and X-ray film made to specifications, a word of caution, X-Ray film has lots of surface noise.Polycarbonate dose not.
Square Lathe Cut Flexi
Actual play back of a lathe cut record
Recorded DRY at room temperature, no oils, no lighter fluid Using my sapphire embossing stylus. Afterwards this square record will be trimmed into a round disc if needed.
Grammy-winning mix engineer Dave Darlington shows how to remove harsh 's' and 'sh' vocal sounds quickly and effectively, using the Sibilance vocal de-esser plugin
This explains a very important detail instruction in setting up your ANTI-SKATING adjustment that is crucial for playing embossed lathe cuts.
You can hear the problem with SIBILANT in the vocal track. That is the reason you must have the track mastered for vinyl. I will not fix this. This disc afterwards will be trimmed round to the right diameter
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NY Lathe Cuts